Communities have been focusing on reaching out to at-risk juveniles, trying to prevent juvenile delinquency and efficiently rehabilitate youthful offenders.
The Juvenile Justice System
Once a juvenile has been accused of committing a criminal or status offense, a juvenile court’s intake officer decides how to proceed through the criminal justice system.
Status offenses are acts considered wrongful or chargeable only when committed by a minor. They involve restrictions placed on minors so they will be more likely to attend school, return home at a safe hour or avoid using or becoming addicted to nicotine, alcohol or illegal drugs.
Most states set their own minimum and maximum ages regarding whether a person will be tried as a juvenile or an adult. Like adults, juveniles may be charged with felonies and misdemeanors. However, only juveniles may be charged with wrongful acts known as status offenses.
Is a juvenile court hearing the same as a trial? (Monday 17 March 2008)
How are juvenile proceedings similar to adult proceedings?
How do juvenile trials differ from adult criminal trials? (Tuesday 18 March 2008)
Do juveniles have constitutional rights?