Your job is more than just a way to pay your bills—if you are like most of us, it’s where you spend most of your time when you are not at home. So it’s important that it not become a place that you fear to go, either because of concerns about you safety, or worries about harassment or unfair treatment. One of the best ways to protect your rights is by learning as much as you can about the laws and procedures governing the workplace.
GetLegal.com’s Employment Law Center addresses all the legal issues that arise at work, from hiring to termination or discharge. We’ve included overviews of key labor laws protecting workers, as well as information on pensions, minimum wages, unemployment and workers’ compensation, and workplace safety.
The law governing the hiring process aims to balance valid employer needs with prospective employee rights. Things that employers do before and after an interview may be regulated by laws such as the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Fair Labor Standards Act and the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
There are limitations on terminating an employee, and employees who have been terminated are granted certain rights under state and federal law. It’s important to know these rights and limitations, and to understand the various methods of insuring yourself in the event that you lose your job.
Labor laws primarily deal with the relationship and bargaining power between employers, employees and unions.
A pension is a regular monetary payment that former employees receive from the employer from which they retired. Pensions are governed primarily by federal statutory law.
Unemployment payments (compensation) are intended to provide an unemployed worker time to find a new job equivalent to the one lost without financial distress.
Minimum wage laws establish a base level of pay that employers are required to pay certain covered employees. The laws consist primarily of federal and state statutes.
Employment discrimination laws seek to prevent discrimination by employers based on criteria such as race, sex, religion, national origin, sexual orientation, physical disability and age. Discriminatory practices include bias in hiring, promotion, job assignment, termination and compensation along with various types of harassment.
Workplace safety and health laws establish regulations designed to eliminate personal injuries and illnesses from occurring in the workplace.
Workers’ compensation laws provide injured employees with monetary payments from employers in an effort to avoid litigation.
The Family and Medical Leave Act, which applies to the federal government and companies with at least 50 employees, requires employers to grant covered employees a total of 12 weeks of unpaid leave for certain family issues.