On Oct. 17, 1931, Al Capone was convicted and sentenced to 11 years in federal prison and fined $80,000 for income tax evasion. After moving to Chicago from New York City, Capone quickly gained a reputation as a savage yet clever criminal, taking advantage of prohibition laws by making millions of dollars from bootlegging alcohol. Though police and federal agents repeatedly broke up his bootlegging operations, Capone never spent any significant time in jail until his conviction for income tax evasion. After sentencing, he was transferred to the U.S. Penitentiary in Atlanta but soon was moved to Alcatraz Island. He was released early from prison for good behavior in 1939.