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Jan. 3, 1990 – Key Information Revealed in Controversial Boston Murder Case

On Jan. 3, 1990 Matthew Stuart met with Boston prosecutors and admitted that his brother Charles had in fact murdered his own wife in 1989. The case had caused national controversy when Charles claimed that he and his wife Carol had been robbed and shot by an African-American man while driving through a low income Boston neighborhood. Carol Stuart, who was pregnant at the time, passed away and Charles underwent surgery for his injuries.

When ex-con Willie Bennett was falsely accused of the murder, Charles’ brother Matthew, who had assisted by taking the gun away from the scene, decided that his brother’s scheme had gone on long enough. Matthew agreed to testify against his brother, receiving immunity in return. After hearing this news, Charles Stuart fled, eventually taking his own life. Willie Bennett was released after evidence was found that police pressured witnesses into identifying him.

Jan. 2, 1935 – Charles Lindberg Jr. Kidnapping Trial Begins

On Jan. 2, 1935 the ''trial of the century'' began in the kidnapping and murder case of 20 month-old Charles Lindberg Jr. Bruno Hauptmann, an illegal German immigrant and former German soldier in World War I, was accused of kidnapping and murdering the Lindberg baby after receiving a ransom of $50,000 in 1932. In September of 1934 a gold certificate for the ransom money was found with a license plate number of a car belonging to Hauptmann. The widely sensationalized trail lasted just over a month and ended in Hauptmann’s conviction and death penalty sentence.

Jan. 1, 1863 – The Emancipation Proclamation Takes Effect

On Jan. 1, 1863 the second of two executive orders that made up the Emancipation Proclamation took effect, specifying the states to which it applied. The first executive order, issued by President Abraham Lincoln on September 22, 1862, had declared the freedom of all slaves in any of the Confederate States of America not returning to Union control by the 1st of January.

The Proclamation initially only applied to slaves that had escaped to Union territory. However, as Union forces gradually took control of the Confederacy, freedom was granted to existing slaves on a daily basis. By 1865 an estimated 4 million slaves had been freed.

anuary 11, 1912 Strike Begins in Lawrence, Massachusetts Textile Mills

On January 11, 1912 a strike that began in a textile mill in the city of Lawrence, Massachusetts set off a chain reaction, spreading to mills throughout the city. The strike, which was led by the Industrial Workers of the World, was a result of a single mill owner’s decision to lower wages due to a law that had been passed to shorten the workweek. Within a week the strike had spread to nearly every mill in the city and included over twenty thousand workers.

The largely immigrant, female strike lasted over two months and defied assumptions of the American Federation of Labor. Although the strike was successful, most of the gains were lost a year later as a result of the collapsing union.